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SpoligoTB Kits: List of Published Studies

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Our SpoligoTB kits are used by world-class research and diagnostic labs across the globe. This is a list of published studies that used SpoligoTB kits to identify and type Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

      • Barandiaran, Soledad & Vivot, Marcela & Falzoni, Elvira & Marfil, Maria & Pérez Tort, Gabriela & Rovatti, Paula & Fernández, Mónica & Iachini, R.H. & Satek, Fernanda & Duchene, Adriana & Zumarraga, Martin. (2017). Mycobacterioses in dogs and cats from Buenos Aires, Argentina. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation. 29. 104063871771379. doi:10.1177/1040638717713795.
      • Neesha Rockwood, Frederick Sirgel, Elizabeth Streicher, Robin Warren, Graeme Meintjes, Robert J Wilkinson; Low Frequency of Acquired Isoniazid and Rifampicin Resistance in Rifampicin-Susceptible Pulmonary Tuberculosis in a Setting of High HIV-1 Infection and Tuberculosis Coprevalence, The Journal of Infectious Diseases, Volume 216, Issue 6, 15 September 2017, Pages 632–40,  https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jix337
      • Olga Andrievskaia, Claude Turcotte, Gloria Berlie-Surujballi, Hannah Battaion, Dara Lloyd, Genotypes of Mycobacterium bovis strains isolated from domestic animals and wildlife in Canada in 1985–2015, Veterinary Microbiology, Volume 214, 2018, Pages 44-50, ISSN 0378-1135, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2017.12.005
      • O. Zewdie, A. Mihret, T. Abebe, A. Kebede, K. Desta, A. Worku, G. Ameni, Genotyping and molecular detection of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis among tuberculosis lymphadenitis cases in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, New Microbes and New Infections, Volume 21, 2018, Pages 36-41, ISSN 2052-2975, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nmni.2017.10.009
      • Zheng Jie Marc Ho, Cynthia Bin Eng Chee, Rick Twee-Hee Ong, Li Hwei Sng, Woei Ling Justine Peh, Alex R. Cook, Li Yang Hsu, Yee Tang Wang, Han Fang Koh, Vernon Jian Ming Lee, Investigation of a cluster of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis in a high-rise apartment block in Singapore, International Journal of Infectious Diseases, Volume 67, 2018, Pages 46-51, ISSN 1201-9712, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2017.12.010.
      • P Desikan, DS Chauhan, N Panwalkar Trends in spoligotype patterns of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains in central India. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2017 Jan-Mar;35(1):129-133. doi: 10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_16_12.
      • Bedewi Z, Worku A, Mekonnen Y, et al. Molecular typing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolated from pulmonary tuberculosis patients in central Ethiopia. BMC Infectious Diseases. 2017;17:184. doi:10.1186/s12879-017-2267-2.
      • N. T. C. Maguga-Phasha, N. S. Munyai, F. Mashinya, M. E. Makgatho and E. F. Mbajiorgu Genetic diversity and distribution of Mycobacterium tuberculosis genotypes in Limpopo, South Africa BMC Infect Dis. 2017; 17: 764. doi:  10.1186/s12879-017-2881-z
      • Bright Varghese, Sahal Al-Hajoj, First Insight Into the Fluoroquinolone and Aminoglycoside Resistance of Multidrug-Resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Saudi Arabia. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and HygieneVolume 96, Issue 5, May 2017, p. 1066 – 1070, https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.16-0579
      • Emilyn Costa Conceição, Nalin Rastogi, David Couvin, Maria Luíza Lopes, Ismari Perini Furlaneto, Harrison Magdinier Gomes, Sidra Ezídio Gonçalves Vasconcellos, Philip Noel Suffys, Maria Paula Cruz Schneider, Maísa Silva de Sousa, Christophe Sola, Ricardo José de Paula Souza e Guimarães, Rafael Silva Duarte, Karla Valéria Batista Lima, Genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from Pará, Brazil, reveals a higher frequency of ancestral strains than previously reported in South America, Infection, Genetics and Evolution, Volume 56, 2017, Pages 62-72, ISSN 1567-1348, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2017.10.021.
      • Solange Alves Vinhas, Edward C. Jones-López, Rodrigo Ribeiro Rodrigues, Mary Gaeddert, Renata Lyrio Peres, Patricia Marques-Rodrigues, Paola Poloni Lobo de Aguiar, Laura Forsberg White, David Alland, Padmini Salgame, David Hom, Jerrold J. Ellner, Reynaldo Dietze, Lauren F. Collins, Elena Shashkina, Barry Kreiswirth, Moisés Palaci, Strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmitting infection in Brazilian households and those associated with community transmission of tuberculosis, Tuberculosis, Volume 104, 2017, Pages 79-86, ISSN 1472-9792, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tube.2017.03.003.
      • Molina-Moya B, Lacoma A, García-Sierra N, et al. PyroTyping, a novel pyrosequencing-based assay for Mycobacterium tuberculosis genotyping. Scientific Reports. 2017;7:6777. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-06760-5.
      • Zewdie, O.; Mihret, A.; Ameni, G.; Worku, A.; Gemechu, T.; Abebe, T. Molecular typing of mycobacteria isolated from tuberculous lymphadenitis cases in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Volume 20, Number 11, 1 November 2016, pp. https://doi.org/10.5588/ijtld.15.1023
      • Desikan P, Chauhan DS, Sharma P, et al. Genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from central India. The Indian Journal of Medical Research. 2016;143(4):481-486. doi:10.4103/0971-5916.184287.
      • Christiane Lourenço Nogueira, Rodrigo Ivan Prim, Simone Gonçalves Senna, Darcita Büerger Rovaris, Rosemeri Maurici, Maria Lúcia Rossetti, David Couvin, Nalin Rastogi, Maria Luiza Bazzo, First insight into the molecular epidemiology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Santa Catarina, southern Brazil, Tuberculosis,Volume 97, 2016, Pages 57-64, ISSN 1472-9792, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tube.2015.12.005.
      • Asebe, G., Worku, A., Zewude, A., Tafess, K., & Ameni, G. (2016). Molecular characterization of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in Gambella region, Southwest Ethiopia. African Journal of Microbiology Research, 10(29), 1086-1093.
      • Faksri K, Tan JH, Disratthakit A, Xia E, Prammananan T, et al. (2016) Whole-Genome Sequencing Analysis of Serially Isolated Multi-Drug and Extensively Drug ResistantMycobacterium tuberculosis from Thai Patients. PLOS ONE 11(8): e0160992. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160992
      • Yin, Qing-qin & Liu, Hai-can & Jiao, Wei-wei & Li, Qin-jing & Han, Rui & Tian, Jian-ling & Liu, Zhi-guang & Zhao, Xiu-qin & Li, Ying-jia & Wan, Kang-lin & Shen, A-dong & Mokrousov, Igor. (2016). Evolutionary History and Ongoing Transmission of Phylogenetic Sublineages of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing Genotype in China. Scientific Reports. 6. 34353. 10.1038/srep34353.
      • Tekin KARSLIGİL , Ayşen BAYRAM , Fahriye EKŞİ Determination of genotypic varieties and genotyping of multiple drug-resistant tuberculosis by the RFLP and spoligotyping methods. T urk J Med Sci (2016) 46: 1502-1511 doi:10.3906/sag-1412-5
      • Lagos J, Couvin D, Arata L, Tognarelli J, Aguayo C, et al. (2016) Analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Genotypic Lineage Distribution in Chile and Neighboring Countries. PLOS ONE 11(8): e0160434. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160434
      • Saw SH, Tan JL, Chan XY, Chan KG, Ngeow YF. (2016) Chromosomal rearrangements and protein globularity changes in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from cerebrospinal fluid. PeerJ 4:e2484 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2484
      • Igor Mokrousov, Anna Vyazovaya, Tomotada Iwamoto, Yuriy Skiba, Ilva Pole, Svetlana Zhdanova, Kentaro Arikawa, Viacheslav Sinkov, Tatiana Umpeleva, Violeta Valcheva, Maria Alvarez Figueroa, Renate Ranka, Inta Jansone, Oleg Ogarkov, Viacheslav Zhuravlev, Olga Narvskaya, Latin-American-Mediterranean lineage of Mycobacterium tuberculosis: Human traces across pathogen’s phylogeography, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Volume 99, 2016, Pages 133-143, ISSN 1055-7903, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2016.03.020.
      • Martínez Romero, María Rosarys; Sardiña Aragón, Misleidis; García León, Grechen; Mederos Cuervo, Lilian María; Freyre Corrales, Giselle; Díaz Rodríguez, Raúl. Contaminación cruzada por Mycobacterium tuberculosis en el Laboratorio Nacional de Referencia de Tuberculosis de Cuba / Cross-contamination of Mycobacterium tuberculosis at the National Reference Laboratory of Tuberculosis of Cuba. Rev Cubana Med Trop; 68(2): 148-156, may.-ago. 2016. Tab
      • Andrés F. Leal-Bohórquez Claudia M. Castro-Osorio Luz M. Wintaco-Martínez Rafael Villalobos Gloria M. Puerto-Castro Tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium bovis in workers of bovine tuberculosis sanitation farms in Antioquia, Boyacá and Cundinamarca. Rev. salud pública 18 (5) Sep-Oct 2016,  https://doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v18n5.51187.
      • Carvalho RCT, Vasconcellos SEG, Issa MdA, Soares Filho PM, Mota PMPC, et al. (2016) Molecular Typing of Mycobacterium bovis from Cattle Reared in Midwest Brazil. PLOS ONE 11(9): e0162459. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162459
      • Disratthakit A, Prammananan T, Tribuddharat C, Thaipisuttikul I, Doi N, Leechawengwongs M, Chaiprasert A. 2016. Role of gyrB mutations in preextensively and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis in Thai clinical isolates. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 60:5189 –5197. doi:10.1128/AAC.00539-16.
      • Gertrude N. Uzoewulu, Lovett Lawson, Ibeh S. Nnanna, Nalin Rastogi, Madhu Goyal, Genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex strains isolated from patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Anambra State, Nigeria, International Journal of Mycobacteriology, Volume 5, Issue 1, 2016, Pages 74-79, ISSN 2212-5531, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmyco.2015.06.008.
      • Fernando Vargas-Romero, Guillermo Mendoza-Hernández, Francisco Suárez-Güemes, Rogelio Hernández-Pando, Mauricio Castañón-Arreola, Secretome profiling of highly virulent Mycobacterium bovis 04-303 strain reveals higher abundance of virulence-associated proteins, Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 100, 2016, Pages 305-311,ISSN 0882-4010, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2016.10.014
      • Dan Wamala, Helen Koyokoyo Buteme, Samuel Kirimunda, Gunilla Kallenius and Moses Joloba Association between human leukocyte antigen class II and pulmonary tuberculosis due to mycobacterium tuberculosis in Uganda. BMC Infectious Diseases (2016) 16:23 DOI
      • Diallo, A. B., Walbang, O. G., Camara, M., Lo, S., Ayorinde, A., Niang, A., Mboup, S., Diallo, A. G., de Jong, B. C., & Gehre, F. (2016). Molecular genotypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains circulating in Dakar, Senegal. African Journal of Microbiology Research, 10(35), 1460-1466
      • Said HM, Kushner N, Omar SV, Dreyer AW, Koornhof H, et al. (2016) A Novel Molecular Strategy for Surveillance of Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis in High Burden Settings. PLOS ONE 11(1): e0146106. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146106
      • Devi KR, Bhutia R, Bhowmick S, Mukherjee K, Mahanta J, et al. (2015) Genetic Diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Isolates from Assam, India: Dominance of Beijing Family and Discovery of Two New Clades Related to CAS1_Delhi and EAI Family Based on Spoligotyping and MIRU-VNTR Typing. PLOS ONE 10(12): e0145860. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0145860
      • Bouklata N, Supply P, Jaouhari S, Charof R, Seghrouchni F, Sadki K, et al. (2015) Molecular Typing of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Complex by 24-Locus Based MIRU-VNTR Typing in Conjunction with Spoligotyping to Assess Genetic Diversity of Strains Circulating in Morocco. PLoS ONE 10(8): e0135695. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0135695
      • Anwar Nuru, Gezahegne Mamo, Adane Worku, et al., “Genetic Diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosisComplex Isolated from Tuberculosis Patients in Bahir Dar City and Its Surroundings, Northwest Ethiopia,” BioMed Research International, vol. 2015, Article ID 174732, 9 pages, 2015. doi:10.1155/2015/174732
      • Dalla Costa ER, Vasconcelos SEG, Esteves LS, Gomes HM, Gomes LL, Almeida da Silva P, Perdigão J, Portugal I, Viveiros M, McNerney R, Pain A, Clark TG, Rastogi N, Unis G, Rossetti MLR, Suffys PN. 2015. Multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis of the Latin American Mediterranean lineage, wrongly identified as Mycobacterium pinnipedii (spoligotype international type 863 [SIT863]), causing active tuberculosis in South Brazil. J Clin Microbiol 53:3805–3811. doi:10.1128/JCM.02012-15
      • Disassa, Haimanot & Tulu, Ketema & Worku, Adane & Ameni, Gobena. (2015). A Preliminary Study on Molecular Characterization of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Benishangul Gumuz Region, Western Ethiopia. British Microbiology Research Journal. 10. 1-10. 10.9734/BMRJ/2015/20032.
      • Prim, Rodrigo Ivan, Schörner, Marcos André, Senna, Simone Gonçalves, Nogueira, Christiane Lourenço, Figueiredo, Anna Carolina Cançado, Oliveira, Jaquelline Germano de, Rovaris, Darcita Bürger, & Bazzo, Maria Luiza. (2015). Molecular profiling of drug resistant isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the state of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz110(5), 618-623. Epub July 07, 2015.https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0074-02760150100
      • Periwal V, Patowary A, Vellarikkal SK, Gupta A, Singh M, et al. (2015) Comparative Whole-Genome Analysis of Clinical Isolates Reveals Characteristic Architecture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Pangenome. PLOS ONE 10(4): e0122979.    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0122979
      • S. Barandiaran, M. Martínez Vivot, A.M. Pérez, A.A. Cataldi, M.J. Zumárraga, Bovine tuberculosis in domestic pigs: Genotyping and distribution of isolates in Argentina, Research in Veterinary Science,Volume 103, 2015, Pages 44-50, ISSN 0034-5288, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2015.09.013.
      • Balcells ME, García P, Meza P, Peña C, Cifuentes M, et al. (2015) A First Insight on the Population Structure of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex as Studied by Spoligotyping and MIRU-VNTRs in Santiago, Chile. PLOS ONE 10(2): e0118007. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0118007
      • Gulich GA, Tulu KT, Worku A, Zewude A, Chimidi GA (2015) Molecular Characterization of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex in Gambella Region, South west Ethiopia. J Med Diagn Meth 4: 175. doi:10.4172/2168-9784.1000175
      • Areeya Disratthakit, Shinji Meada, Therdsak Prammananan, Iyarit Thaipisuttikul, Norio Doi, Angkana Chaiprasert, Genotypic diversity of multidrug-, quinolone- and extensively drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Thailand, Infection, Genetics and Evolution, Volume 32, 2015, Pages 432-439, ISSN 1567-1348, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2015.03.038.
      • Virendra Kumar, Tarun Kumar Sachan, Pragya Sharma & Krishna Dutta Rawat. Ultrastructural Morphologic Changes in Mycobacterial Biofilm in Different Extreme Condition. Ultrastructural Pathology Vol. 39, Iss. 1, 2015, https://doi.org/10.3109/01913123.2014.950780
      • Cazola, Daniela de O., Jorge, Klaudia dos S.G., Zumárraga, Martín J., Souza-Filho, Antônio F., Araújo, Flábio R., & Osório, Ana Luiza A.R.. (2015). Identificação e genotipagem de Mycobacterium bovis em bovinos positivos no teste intradérmico para tuberculose em Mato Grosso do Sul. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira35(2), 141-147. Epub February 00, 2015.https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-736X2015000200008
      • M Herrera Avila, Yoslany & M Fonseca Gómez, Carlos & Gozá Valdés, Roxana & M Martínez Rodríguez, Ileana & Lemus, Dihadenys & Josefa Llanes Cordero, María & Marrero Figueroa, Antonio & Diaz, Raul. (2015). Tipificación con oligonucleótidos espaciadores de Mycobacterium tuberculosis en Cuba. Revista cubana de medicina tropical. 67. 85-96.
      • Brown AC, Bryant JM, Einer-Jensen K, et al. Rapid Whole-Genome Sequencing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Isolates Directly from Clinical Samples. Land GA, ed. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 2015;53(7):2230-2237. doi:10.1128/JCM.00486-15.
      • E. Gormley, L.A.L. Corner, E. Costello, S. Rodriguez-Campos, Bacteriological diagnosis and molecular strain typing of Mycobacterium bovis and Mycobacterium caprae, Research in Veterinary Science, Volume 97, Supplement, 2014, Pages S30-S43, ISSN 0034-5288, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2014.04.010.
      • Desikan, P & S Chauhan, D & Sharma, Pragya & Panwalkar, N & Yadav, P & S Ohri, B. (2014). Clonal Diversity and Drug Resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis Isolated from Extra-pulmonary Samples in Central India – a Pilot Study. Indian journal of medical microbiology. 32. 434-7. 10.4103/0255-0857.142255.
      • Desikan, P & S Chauhan, D & Sharma, Pragya & Panwalkar, N & Yadav, P & S Ohri, B. (2014). Clonal Diversity and Drug Resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis Isolated from Extra-pulmonary Samples in Central India – a Pilot Study. Indian journal of medical microbiology. 32. 434-7. 10.4103/0255-0857.142255.
      • Amit Singh, Krishnamoorthy Gopinath, Niti Singh, Sarman Singh, Deciphering the sequential events during in vivo acquisition of drug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. International Journal of Mycobacteriology, Volume 3, Issue 1, 2014, Pages 36-40, ISSN 2212-5531, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmyco.2013.10.006.
      • Ismail F, Couvin D, Farakhin I, Abdul Rahman Z, Rastogi N, et al. (2014) Study of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex Genotypic Diversity in Malaysia Reveals a Predominance of Ancestral East-African-Indian Lineage with a Malaysia-Specific Signature. PLOS ONE 9(12): e114832. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114832
      • Al-Hajoj S, Memish Z, Abuljadayel N, AlHakeem R, AlRabiah F, et al. (2014) Molecular Confirmation of Bacillus Calmette Guerin Vaccine Related Adverse Events among Saudi Arabian Children. PLOS ONE 9(11): e113472. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113472
      • Tichaona Sagonda, Lucy Mupfumi, Rumbidzai Manzou, et al., “Prevalence of Extensively Drug Resistant Tuberculosis among Archived Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis Isolates in Zimbabwe,” Tuberculosis Research and Treatment, vol. 2014, Article ID 349141, 8 pages, 2014. doi:10.1155/2014/349141
      • Vasconcellos SEG, Acosta CC, Gomes LL, Conceição EC, Lima KV, et al. (2014) Strain Classification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Isolates in Brazil Based on Genotypes Obtained by Spoligotyping, Mycobacterial Interspersed Repetitive Unit Typing and the Presence of Large Sequence and Single Nucleotide Polymorphism. PLOS ONE 9(10): e107747. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107747
      • Gisela Unis, Andrezza Wolowski Ribeiro, Leonardo Souza Esteves, Fernanda Sá Spies, Pedro Dornelles Picon , Elis Regina Dalla Costa and Maria Lucia Rosa Rossetti Tuberculosis recurrence in a high incidence setting for HIV and tuberculosis in Brazil. BMC Infectious Diseases 2014, 14:548
      • K. Hatsuda, M. Takeuchi, K. Ogata, Y. Sasaki, T. Kagawa, H. Nakatsuji, M. Ibaraki. The impact of nutritional state on the duration of sputum positivity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis INT J TUBERC LUNG DIS 19(11):1369–1375, https://doi.org/10.5588/ijtld.14.0963
      • Lopez-Avalos, Gladys et al. Genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and transmission associated with first-line drug resistance: a first analysis in Jalisco, Mexico Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance , Volume 11 , 90 – 97
      • Mulugeta Belay, Gobena Ameni, Gunnar Bjune, David Couvin, Nalin Rastogi, and Fekadu Abebe, “Strain Diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Isolates from Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Afar Pastoral Region of Ethiopia,” BioMed Research International, vol. 2014, Article ID 238532, 12 pages, 2014. doi:10.1155/2014/238532
      •  Ley SD, Harino P, Vanuga K, et al. Diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosisand drug resistance in different provinces of Papua New Guinea. BMC Microbiology. 2014;14:307. doi:10.1186/s12866-014-0307-2.
      • Wamala D, Asiimwe B, Kigozi E, Mboowa G, Joloba M, Kallenius G. Clinico-pathological features of tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium tuberculosisUganda genotype in patients with tuberculous lymphadenitis: a cross sectional study. BMC Clinical Pathology. 2014;14:14. doi:10.1186/1472-6890-14-14
      • Sidra E. G. Vasconcellos, Chyntia Carolina Acosta, Lia Lima Gomes, Emilyn Costa Conceicao, Karla Valéria Lima, et al.. Strain Classification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Isolates in Brazil Based on Genotypes Obtained by Spoligotyping, Mycobacterial Interspersed Repetitive Unit Typing and the Presence of Large Sequence and Single Nucleotide Polymorphism. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2014, 9 (10), pp.e107747.
      • Meza, Paulina, Balcells, M. Elvira, Miranda, Carolina, Cifuentes, Marcela, Wozniak, Aniela, & García, Patricia. (2014). Presence of Bejing genotype among Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains in two centres of the Region Metropolitana of Chile. Revista chilena de infectología31(1), 21-27. https://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-10182014000100003
      • Shimizu E, Macías A, Paolicchi F, et al. Genotyping Mycobacterium bovis from cattle in the Central Pampas of Argentina: temporal and regional trends.Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. 2014; 109(2):236-245. doi:10.1590/0074-0276140292.
      • T.M. Hlokwe, P. van Helden, A.L. Michel,  Evidence of increasing intra and inter-species transmission of Mycobacterium bovis in South Africa: Are we losing the battle?, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Volume 115, Issues 1–2, 2014, Pages 10-17, ISSN 0167-5877, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2014.03.011.
      • Wamala D, Asiimwe B, Kigozi E, Mboowa G, Joloba M, Kallenius G. Clinico-pathological features of tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis Uganda genotype in patients with tuberculous lymphadenitis: a cross sectional study. BMC Clinical Pathology. 2014;14:14. doi:10.1186/1472-6890-14-14.

 

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